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Nepal Monitor: The National Online Journal

Government Relief Efforts for Nepal Conflict Victims

An English summary of government relief efforts for conflict victims in Nepal.


Nepal government has brought out a Citizens Relief, Compensation and Economic Assistance Procedure, 2066 for implementation since December 16, 2009 with the objective of making its relief, compensation and economic assistance for citizens transparent and just.

Nepal government has taken the period between February 13, 1996 and November 21, 2006 (the day the Comprehensive Peace Agreement was signed) as the conflict period. The government has made arrangements to provide relief to victims of incidents involving human rights violation from the then government and CPN-Maoist sides during the conflict period.

'Conflict victims' are regarded as those who depended on individuals killed in conflict, those who lost their body parts during conflict, those who were displaced, those who disappeared and their families, those abducted by the conflicting parties and those suffering damage to lives and property.

Two units have been established at the Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction for providing relief.

1. The taskforce for collection of details on conflict affected individuals, families and infrastructure: The taskforce set up in 2007 collects the details of the disappeared, abducted, orphaned, injured and killed, displaced individuals and families, and damaged individual property and destroyed physical infrastructure.
2. The relief and rehabilitation unit: This unit arranges relief to victims in line with the directives prepared by the government. The term of the unit lasts until mid-July 2011.

Types of relief
1. Economic assistance for claimants of those killed due to conflict

Claimants of those killed due to the conflict can obtain Rs. 100,000 from related district administration offices. The following documents should be included in the application for relief:
1. Nepali citizenship certificate (in case of children, their birth registration certificates and their patron's citizenship certificate)
2. A letter in proof of relationship
3. Documents from the concerned village development committee or municipality with details in proof as a patron to the child (when the patron registers application on behalf of the child)
4. Two recent photographs (in case of children, 2 photographs each for the child and its patron)
5. The death registration certificate of the individual killed (if it is available)

Along with the application, the applicant should submit proofs showing the cause of death before the district administration office. Some examples of proofs that the district administration office recognizes in practice are:
• Police enquiry documents
• The letter of certification of the incident issued by the then rebel side CPN-Maoist
• The recommendation letter regarding the incident by the local peace committee or political parties
• Information published in newspapers after the incident

Individuals killed due to conflict are individuals who meet the following conditions:

1. Individuals killed by bullets fired from the conflicting sides
2. Individuals killed by landmines and ambushes and so on laid down in the course of conflict
3. Individuals killed in bomb explosions in the course of conflict
4. Individuals confirmed killed after abduction by conflicting sides during the conflict
5. Individuals shot or beaten to death or killed by other weapons by conflicting sides during the conflict
6. Individuals killed in post conflict period in explosions of stray bombs, landmines or ambushes left behind during the conflict period
7. Individuals confirmed killed after disappearing in the course of conflict
8. Security personnel and government officials killed in the line of duty during the conflict

2. Interim relief for widows of those killed in conflict
A widow of an individual who died due to conflict is entitled to receive Rs. 25 thousand from the concerned district development office. The widow will get the relief only in case she is not re-married. If there are more than one wives of the individual, they will get an equal share of the money. The wife of an individual receiving pay and perk from the government coffers will not be entitled to this economic assistance.

3. Economic assistance to be received by the nearest relative of the individual forced to disappear due to conflict
The claimant in this situation will be entitled to receive Rs. 100,000 from the concerned district administration office. For this, the district administration office will need to ascertain the nearest claimant or patron in case of a child. After ascertaining this, the DAO sends the details to the details collection taskforce of the Peace and Reconstruction Ministry and recommends the economic assistance

4. Interim relief to be received by individuals abducted or made to disappear for more than 30 days at the hands of conflicting parties during the conflict or their nearest claimants
In this situation, a victim will be entitled to receive Rs. 25,000 from the concerned district administration office. To secure the relief, an individual needs to have been abducted or made to disappear at the hands of conflicting parties for more than 30 days during the conflict period and freed from the situation. The concerned individual or the nearest claimant should file an application at the district administration office demanding compensation for being abducted or made to disappear by the conflicting parties during the conflict. In such cases, the local level recommendation committee should ascertain that the individual was abducted or made to disappear. After ascertaining, the committee sends the details to the details collection taskforce of the Peace and Reconstruction Ministry.

5. Provision for reimbursement of medical expenses incurred in treatment of those injured due to conflict
This relief is provided by the district administration office based on bills and invoices. Individuals injured due to conflict during the conflict period or after the peace agreement in explosions involving landmines and other explosives planted during the conflict period are entitled to this relief. Those injured due to conflict during that period should file an application with the district administration office for economic assistance by including all documents showing expenses incurred in the treatment.

When the injured comes in contact with the district administration office, the office ascertains whether or not the individual was injured due to conflict. In case of applications by those injured in explosions involving landmines or other explosives following the peace agreement, the chief district officer attests to the incident and its causes and writes a letter to the concerned local level hospital with recommendation to arrange for the treatment.

There is a provision for reimbursement of expenses as per the hospital bills charged during treatment at the government or community hospitals and of travel expenses incurred for the patient and one attendant to him or her. It also includes the expenses incurred in buying medicines recommended by doctors and a Rs. 75 daily relief for an attendant to the patient during the period of hospitalization.

Expenses incurred during treatment at private hospitals, except not-for-profit community and government hospitals, will not be reimbursed. No reimbursement will be made for expenses incurred in treatment in any kind of hospital in any other country outside Nepal. No reimbursement will be made without bills and invoices from not-for-profit and government hospitals for the expenses incurred.

6. Provision for medical treatment of those injured due to conflict
There is a provision to provide treatment locally from the concerned district health office at the recommendation of the district administration office. At the central level, this relief will be provided from the central level hospital, if needed. For those under treatment till now for their injuries in bomb explosions during conflict or after the peace agreement was made, the local medical committee will recommend and arrange for local level treatment. If local level treatment does not help, the committee makes a recommendation to the Health and Population Ministry which will arrange for central level treatment.

The district administration office ascertains whether the injured individual who comes in contact with it was injured due to conflict or not. And, it writes to the local level hospital with recommendation to arrange for treatment.

The injured or his/her close relative needs to apply at the district administration office demanding expenses incurred in local level medical treatment and in gaining access to the local level treatment. The following documents should be included with the application: medical prescription from the doctor, medicines purchase bills from the pharmacy (the bills should be attested at their other sides by the concerned hospital), hospital bills of expenses incurred during treatment, related documents in case of a hospitalization, documents related with expenses incurred in reaching from the site of incident or home to hospital.

Once the district administration office receives a duly made application, it sends a recommendation letter to the Health and Population Ministry by including necessary documents demanding release of funds. The funds are made available by the Finance Ministry to the Health and Population Ministry. And, the Health and Population Ministry dispatches the released funds to the district administration office to be paid to the concerned individual.

In case local level treatment is not possible, the district administration office writes a letter to the Ministry of Health and Population with these details and a recommendation for arrangement of central level treatment.

The injured or his/her relative will need to file the application, along with the recommendation, with the Ministry of Health and Population. On the basis of the letter, the Ministry will write a letter to the hospital for arranging treatment. In case the injured needs a treatment again, the Ministry asks for a recommendation from the doctor.

In most cases involving central level treatment, the hospital gets reimbursed from the Ministry for its expenses incurred. The injured or his/her relative will have to apply on their own with the Ministry if they have purchased medicines. Application should be supported by the doctor's prescription, medical store bills (attested by the hospital), air tickets for 2 people for the travel to the hospital or a proof of having bought a bus ticket, estimated amount of money needed for 2 people for overland travel, and for expenses on the attendant, hospital admission and discharge details.

The victim will be paid by check after a secretary level meeting at the Ministry of Health and Population decides on the application on the basis of documents it has received. The amount is paid by the Ministry of Health and Population to the victim through the district health office in case the victim has returned to his or her district.

The victim is reimbursed for expenses such as those incurred in treatment at the government or community hospital as per the hospital bill, return travel tickets for two, the patient and his/her attendant, prescription medicines bought as recommended by doctor, and the daily relief of Rs. 75 for one attendant during the period the patient is hospitalized.

7. Economic assistance for individuals disabled due to conflict
This relief can be received from the concerned district administration office depending on the nature of disability (Rs. 200,000 in case of complete disability and a proportion of Rs. 200,000 for other disabilities as ascertained in percentage terms). Those disabled during the conflict period due to the conflict can avail of this relief. To receive the money, an application should be filed at the district administration office with evidences (the VDC recommendation, police enquiry report, bills and invoices if treatment was carried out).
The medical treatment committee of the district administration office looks into the application after receiving it. The committee doctors decide on the nature of disability and clearly note it. The district administration office sends the decision with recommendation to the details collection taskforce at the Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction.

The taskforce ascertains the percentage of disability with the help of its team of three central level doctors and recommends making available the economic assistance to the Peace and Reconstruction Ministry. Based on the report, the Ministry advises the relief and rehabilitation unit to release or clear the amount as per the victim's details and ascertained percentage. The unit provides the concerned district administration office with the details about the approved victims and authorization letters for spending the funds.

The relief fund to be received for complete disability is Rs. 200,000. It is ascertained in percentage terms on a proportionate basis for other disabilities. For example, for 5% disability, Rs. 10,000, for 10% Rs. 20,000, for 15% Rs. 30,000, for 20% Rs. 40,000, for 25% Rs. 50,000, for 30% Rs. 60,000, for 35% Rs. 70,000, for 40% Rs. 80,000, for 45% Rs.90,000, for 50% Rs.100,000, for 55% Rs.110,000, for 60% Rs.120,000, for 65% Rs. 130,000, for 70% Rs. 140,000, for 75% Rs. 150,000, for 80% Rs. 160,000, for 85% Rs. 170,000, for 90% Rs. 180,000, for 95% Rs. 190,000 and for 100% Rs.200,000.

8. Scholarship for children of conflict victims or children victimized during conflict
This scholarship is distributed by the district education office where the concerned children are studying.

The scholarship funds are: Rs.10,000 for grades 1 to 5, Rs. 12,000 for grades 6 to 8, Rs. 14,000 for grades 8 to 10, Rs. 16,000 for grades 11 to 12 or for the proficiency certificate level.

This type of scholarship is provided for up to 3 children of an individual who lost life or disappeared and any child rendered disabled (the percentage being more than 50) in the course of conflict.

The application needs to be filed by the claimants themselves at the district education office of the district where the concerned children are studying or by their mother/father or patron by including the following documents: 1. Proof of relationship of the victim to the children, 2. Children's birth registration or Nepali citizenship certificate, and 3. Recommendation from the school where they are studying.

The family of an individual who lost life in the course of conflict, the disappeared individual or his/her family or disabled individuals (the percentage being more than 50) will get the scholarship. This fund is given to students up to the age of 18 years and for up to three children of an individual. The claimant should be studying at a school, and receiving formal education from the school or university.

The facility is not given to more than 3 children of an individual. Scholarship will not be given to students repeating grades, studying in any school abroad, or receiving training or instruction except for formal education. In case a student is receiving scholarship from a government or non-government organization, no recommendation can be made or scholarship given to the same student.

9. Compensation for damage caused to a house rented by a government office or for damage by other reasons during the conflict period
This compensation is received from the district administration office of the concerned district. Funds equal to the damage ascertained after evaluation can be obtained in this case. The individual or his/her claimant will need to apply at the district administration office seeking economic assistance for the damage by including photos of the house from all sides, if possible; the rental decision and its contract paper, and by mentioning the year in which the house was built and the year in which it was damaged.

If a house rented by a government or security agency has been damaged by conflicting parties, funds will be received for the damage after its assessment. If the house is very old and the damage assessment made by technicians after deducting its depreciation and remaining cost comes to be below 15% of the damage figure, in case it is insured, the insurance money and if uninsured, 15% of the damage figure will be fixed as the net damage.

The repair and maintenance cost of the house and the cost of remains will not be provided. An annual depreciation of 5% will be deducted from the sum. In case the house is insured, compensation will not be provided for the damage.

In case of damage to personal property (movable property), money can be received from the district administration office of the concerned district equivalent to the damage. For this, the individual whose property is damaged or his or her claimant should make an application for compensation along with the details of property and evidences.

10. Provision for compensation in case of damage to individual property (movable property)
The following standards have been set for relief to be provided by the government to conflict victims under this provision:
a. Standards for evaluation of property objects
S.No. Damaged property Standard compensation (Maximum, in Rs.)

1. Gold and gold ornaments 80 thousand
2. Silver and silver ornaments 25 thousand
3. Cash 10 thousand
4. Stored foodgrains (paddy, wheat, maize etc) 70 thousand
5. Clothings (cover, sheet, clothes etc) 25 thousand
6. Furniture (wooden table, chair, sofa and others) 50 thousand
7. Pets (animals: cow, buffalo, sheep, mountain goat; birds: chicken,
duck, etc) 25 thousand
8. Other metals (iron, copper, brass) 25 thousand
9. Electronic goods (computer, fridge, radio, stereo,
deck, solar panel etc) 50 thousand
10. Decorative items (various types) 10 thousand
11. Utensils (plates, cups, cooking pots etc) 20 thousand
12. Machinery equipment 20 thousand
13. Miscellaneous, based on recommended figure 40% (to be fixed)

Note: subjects for which damage cannot be ascertained
1. Land documents like receipts, contract papers, registration certificates etc
2. Books
3. Precious objects, diamond, pearl, gems etc
4. Images and worship wares
5. Land income papers

Stored for business purposes by not certified by any authorized unit

b. Standards to be adopted for total funds
1. Total money to be made available to individuals whose damage was up to Rs. 10 thousand
2. 50% to be made available from the amount after making available Rs. 10 thousand in case the damage occurred between Rs. 10 thousand and Rs. 25 thousand.
3. 40% to be made available from the amount after making available Rs. 15 thousand in case the damage is between Rs. 25 thousand and Rs. 50 thousand
4. 30% to be made available from the amount after making available Rs. 20 thousand in case the damage is between Rs. Rs. 50 thousand and Rs. 100 thousand.
5. 25% to be made available for individual whose damage ran between Rs. 100 thousand to Rs. 5 million.
6. 20% to be made available for individuals whose damage ran between Rs. 5 million to Rs. 10 million.
7. 15% to be made available for any damage beyond Rs. 10 million
8. In calculating the amounts as per the standards of S. No. 1 to 7 above, the later percentage is used only in case the amount crosses the ceiling in the upper S. No.

11. Provision relating to compensation for the loss caused by not being able to engage in agricultural activities in the course of security management
In case the central office of the concerned security unit has been used by the joint security forces, compensation for this will be made by the central organization leading the joint security forces. In this case, compensation can be obtained equivalent to the amount of damage. For this, the application should be filed at the district administration office. This compensation can be received for the loss caused in not being able to carry out agricultural activities in the security area maintained by the security units for security management during the conflict period.

12. Provision of compensation for vehicles for hire used by security unit during the conflict period
This amount is equivalent to the damage can be obtained from the concerned district administration office. The application should be filed seeking compensation for the damage to vehicles for rent used by the security unit during the conflict.

Which amounts are paid for?
• The amount ascertained for the damage caused by conflicting parties to the vehicles for rent used by security units in the course of maintaining security during the conflict period.
• In case of very old vehicles, and if they are insured, their net damage figure will be ascertained at the value of insurance if the damage comes to be below 15% of the figure arrived at by technicians after deducting the depreciation and the value of their remaining parts, and, if uninsured, at 15% of the figure fixed by technicians.

Which amounts are not paid for?
• Expenses for repair and maintenance of vehicles
• The value of remaining parts of the vehicles
• Depreciation will be deducted at 5% per year by ascertaining the model's year of make on the basis of the blue book
• If insured, the compensation for the damage won't be given

13. Provision for compensation for the damage to vehicles caused during the time of closures and blockades during the conflict period
Compensation amount equivalent to the damage can be obtained from the concerned district administration office. The damage must have occurred while operating vehicles at the call of the government during a closure enforced by conflicting parties. Application for this compensation should be filed at the concerned district administration office seeking compensation for the damage caused to vehicles.

Which amounts are paid for?
• Compensation is provided for 90% of the damage in case the chassis and engine of a vehicle are rendered useless after their total damage
• Compensation is provided for 75% of the net damage in case the chassis and engine are not damaged but the body is in ruins
• Compensation is provided for 50% of the net damage on the basis of evaluation by technicians in case of minor and partial damage to the vehicles. In this case, it is not necessary to know whether the vehicle is insured or not.

Which amounts are not paid for?
• Expenses for repair and maintenance of vehicles
• The value of remaining parts of the vehicles
• Depreciation will be deducted at 5% per year by ascertaining the model's year of make on the basis of the blue book
• If insured, the compensation for the damage won't be given

14. Provision for compensation for damage of vehicles in other situations of the conflict period
Amount equivalent to the damage can be obtained from the concerned district administration office. The damage must have been caused to the vehicle by conflicting parties in situations other than during closures and blockades called by the conflicting parties. The application should be filed at the district administration office seeking compensation.

Which amounts are paid for?
• Compensation is provided for 90% of the damage in case the chassis and engine of a vehicle are rendered useless after their total damage
• Compensation is provided for 75% of the net damage in case the chassis and engine are not damaged but the body is in ruins
• Compensation is provided for 50% of the net damage on the basis of evaluation by technicians in case of minor and partial damage to the vehicles. In this case, it is not necessary to know whether the vehicle is insured or not.

Which amounts are not paid for?
• Expenses for repair and maintenance of vehicles
• The value of remaining parts of the vehicles
• Depreciation will be deducted at 5% per year by ascertaining the model's year of make on the basis of the blue book
• If insured, the compensation for the damage won't be given

15. Provision for compensation in case security agencies used someone's vehicle in the course of maintaining security during the conflict period without providing rental
This kind of compensation of between Rs. 15 thousand and Rs. 40 thousand can be obtained from the concerned district administration office. The damage must have been caused to the vehicle by conflicting parties in situations other than closures and blockades called by the conflicting parties during the conflict period. The application should be filed at the district administration office seeking compensation for a vehicle used by security agency without providing rental during the conflict period.

How much is paid for?
a. A sum of Rs. 15 thousand for six months
b. A sum of Rs. 30 thousand for a period between six months and one year
c. A sum of Rs. 40 thousand for a period of more than one year

16. Provision for individuals, victimized during the conflict period, to start employment or self-employment services
The Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction distributes this relief through service provider organizations. In this, facilities of training, training expenses and employment services to at least 50% trainees are provided.

This relief relates to those killed, disappeared, disabled, and internally displaced in the course of the armed conflict or their dependents (for example, widows). For this, their records should be found in the report of the details collection taskforce constituted by the government. The above mentioned group may include children and orphans below 18 years of age, but they should not have been barred by the existing labor law for them to work.

These are the areas of training: making of traditional rice mills, stools, brooms, paper items; garden designing, repair and maintenance of stoves, gas stoves, dhaka cloths, bamboo frames, metal grill, shutter, mobile repair, sewing and cutting, woolen shawls, peltric set fixing, tea estate and management, off-season vegetable production, shuttering, carpenter, plumbing, furniture maker, computer service technician, solar PV technicians, cycle and rickshaw mechanic, auto mechanic, hair and beauty culture, photography, junior barber, hand embroidery, Nepali hand paper making, tailor master, pump set repair, bee keeping, shoe maker, fabric painter, motor cycle repair, leather goods production, mason, driver (heavy and light), food processing (jam, jelly, squash etc.), herbs processing, cook, waiter, barman, housekeeper, tourist guide and poultry farming, etc. Depending on the demand and feasibility, the subject of training can be added.

Other facilities to be provided during the training period:
1. A sum of Rs. 1,000 for travel to and from the training venue. The amount is provided only after the completion of the training.
2. Rs. 4,600 per month for food and accommodation during the training
3. Rs. 1,500 per month for daily travel to and from the training organization (only for those coming to the organization from at least two kilometers away)
4. In cases where months are not completed, the actual proportion calculated from the monthly allowance and daily travel expenses will be provided

Processes of giving and receiving training

The Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction selects the service providers offering a range of services from technical and vocational training, employment consultancy services, to small business/industry services run by government, non-government and private organizations. The selection of the service providers is made on the basis of their training and plan for providing jobs for the trainees after their training. Organizations which can provide jobs to at least 50% of the trainees are selected.

Conflict victims should apply for receiving the training. The coordination and monitoring committee selects the applicants. Normally, the training period will be between 3 and 6 months. Such training will normally comprise 20% class work and 80% practical work. The service provider can arrange to take the trainees to a nearby district in case there is no appropriate organization to train them in the district or in case there are fewer trainees than expected. The Ministry will monitor the training. At the local level, the coordination and monitoring committee makes the evaluation. A third party may also be involved in this.

An individual not satisfied with decisions made by various units in the course of providing their services can lodge complaints with the secretary of the Ministry within 35 days of the decision. The Ministry decides on the complaint in 15 days after that.


From Healing the Wounds: Stories from Nepal's Transitional Justice Process (Kathmandu: Media Foundation), pp. 91-102.

For more details and related forms, you can look up the Citizens' Relief, Compensation, and Economic Assistance Procedures, 2066. This can also be downloaded in Nepali from the internet at URL: http://bit.ly/g5eQJM

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Posted by Editor on July 19, 2011 8:57 AM