23-point Agreement by the Seven-Party Alliance
Yet another agreement in Kathmandu among the ruling coalition. This, hopefully, will be a binding one.
23-point Agreement by the Seven-Party Alliance
Decisions of the Seven-Party Meeting
A meeting of the top leaders of the seven parties was held today, 23 December 2007 (2064 Pus 8) at the Prime Minister’s residence in Baluwatar. Although the parties had differing views on the various topics that were discussed, the following decisions were reached between the top leaders of the seven parties by focusing on the central issue of national resolution to hold the elections by mid-April 2008 (before the end of 2064 B.S.).
1. The following amendments will be made in place of Subtitles and Sub-article (1), (2), (3a). (3b) of Article 159 of the [interim] Constitution:
a) Nepal shall be a federal democratic republic.
b) The republic will be implemented at the first meeting of the constituent assembly. Provided that, if the King poses a threat to holding the constituent assembly election, a two thirds majority of the interim legislature-parliament can implement the republic by voting for the proposal. The Council of Ministers shall make the decision to submit such a proposal and the
Council of Ministers shall present the proposal to the interim legislature-parliament.
c) The King shall not have any responsibility for handling any state affairs.
d) The Prime Minister shall be responsible for handling all state affairs.
e) Until the implementation of a republic, the Prime Minister shall conduct all the duties
of the head of state.
2. The Article of the interim constitution shall be amended to maintain the current 240 constituencies under the first-past-the-post electoral system and to (make provisions) for 335 members, instead of 240 members to be elected through the proportional electoral system, and to allow the Council of Ministers to nominate 26, rather than 17 people, based on consensus. Amendments shall be made such that the nominated 26 people shall also include
those indigenous Janajatis not represented through election.
3. Provisions necessary for the appointment of a General Secretary to the legislature-parliament shall be included in the constitution.
4. Keeping in mind that Nepali Congress and Nepali Congress (Democratic) have united to form Nepali Congress, necessary amendments shall be made to the constitution.
5. Amendments shall be made to the constitution to make necessary provisions for the appointment of members to the legislature-parliament, in lieu of the members who are deceased, those who tendered a resignation and those who were expelled.
6. The following commissions and committees shall be formed by the government within a month, based on agreements:
Unofficial translation from the original Nepali, by United Nations Mission in Nepal (UNMIN)
a) Commission for the Investigation of the Disappeared
b) Truth and Reconciliation Commission
c) State Reconstruction Commission
d) Study and Recommendation Commission for Scientific Land Reform
e) High Level Committee for Monitoring the Effective Implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Accord and other Agreements
f) A High Level Peace Commission shall be formed as per the Comprehensive Peace Accord. The Ministry of Peace shall work in coordination with this Commission
7. Create mechanisms at local bodies, on the basis of agreements. Decision regarding this shall be made by a Coordination Committee of top leaders.
8. As per the Comprehensive Peace Accord, relief shall be provided to the families of those who were killed as a result of the armed conflict by mid February (end of Magh). With regard to the disappeared, relief shall be provided based on the report of the Investigation Commission. The preliminary report shall be submitted within a month after the Investigation Commission begins work.
9. The private and public houses and land captured so far by the Maoists during the armed conflict shall be returned to the concerned individuals and agencies within a month. A mechanism shall be formed at the district level under the chair of Chief District Officer to implement this agreement at the district. The displaced shall be respectfully rehabilitated at their own house/land.
10. National Human Rights Commission shall be requested for monitoring (the implementation of) points 8, 9 and 10.
11. The pending amount owed to the verified combatants of Maoist Army to be provided as per the agreement to be released in instalments by 12 February (end of Magh) and the allowances thereafter, shall be provided on monthly basis. Arrangements shall be made for the immediate release of those disqualified in the verification after paying them the due amount as per the agreement.
12. Regarding the integration of the verified combatants of the Maoists Army, the special committee formed by the council of ministers as per the interim constitution shall move ahead the process after deliberations/discussion.
13. The commissions that were provisioned in the article 154 of the interim constitution but not yet formed shall be formed within a month.
14. The Maoists prisoners currently in different jails in Nepal who were detained during the armed conflict under different charges shall be released by 14 January (end of Pus) and the charges filed against the Maoists leaders and cadres shall be revoked. Similarly, efforts shall be made at the diplomatic level for the release of Nepali Maoists prisoners detained during the armed conflict in foreign prisons. All the political cases filed in the past against political
parties and politicians to be annulled.
15. For the formation of a new constitution incorporating the principles of federal republic state and multi-party democratic system, a coordination committee comprising of the top leaders shall be formed to support and coordinate the well functioning of the interim Unofficial translation from the original Nepali, by United Nations Mission in Nepal (UNMIN) government to hold the constituent assemble election. The committee shall designate its coordinator turn-by-turn. The committee shall determine its working procedures on its own.
16. Effective provisions for the maintenance of law and order situation in the country, easy and accessible supply of daily needs of the people, good governance, control of corruption, and holding constituent assembly election in a free and fair manner shall be the top priorities of the interim government.
17. All political parties and organisations affiliated to them shall not engage in activities that will have an adverse effect and or disrupt the forthcoming election. All political parties and organisations affiliated to them shall refrain from activities like use of force; use and display of arms/weapons; collecting tax by setting up toll gates; forcible collection of money from teachers, government employees, tourists, business houses, businessmen, or any other person. They shall also immediately put an end to acts of physical violence, abduction, forcible takeover of properties etc.
18. The cadres of all political parties shall be allowed to peacefully carry out their political activities and campaigns, in a fearless atmosphere and without intimidation of any kind.
19. It is hereby committed by all the concerned parties to fully implement and comply with all the issues stated in the Comprehensive Peace Accord.
20. The Government of Nepal shall take initiative to muster international support to fulfil its financial responsibilities, for immediate reconstruction, reestablishment, rehabilitation, and for reparation of the victims of the conflict.
21. The seven parties shall collectively hold public meetings in seven different places to appeal to the people to participate in the election.
22. With the signing of this agreement, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) will join the government with immediate effect.
23. The first and foremost agenda for all of us is to hold the election for the constituent assembly. The meeting of the seven parties has already decided to hold the election in mid-April (Chait), the date for which is to be decided by the Government of Nepal. To conduct the election in a free, fair, and fearless atmosphere we heartily appeal to all the political parties, civil society and brothers and sisters of all professions.
1. Acting President of Nepali Congress Mr. Sushil Koirala (Signed)
2. General Secretary of the CPN(UML) Mr. Madhav Nepal (Signed)
3. Chairman of CPN(Maoist) Mr. Prachanda (Signed)
4. President of Janamorcha Nepal (People’s Front) Mr. Amik Sherchan (Signed)
5. President of Nepal Workers and Peasants Party Mr. Narayan Man Bijukchhe (Signed)
6. On behalf of Nepal Sadhvawana Party(Anandidevi) General Secretary Mr.
Shyamsunder Gupta (Signed)
7. President of Samyukta Bammorcha (United Leftist Front) Mr. C.P. Mainali (Signed)
23 December 2007 (2064 Pus 8), Kathmandu.
This unofficial translation from the original Nepali is by the United Nations Mission in Nepal (UNMIN)
Posted by Editor on December 26, 2007 7:00 PM