World Reactions on Interim Government
Nepal's friends and members of the diplomatic community welcome the Maoist-included interim government. They urge caution, and for a dialogue to resolve any hurdles ahead.
Sunday is a slow day when it comes to official events. The action-packed unveiling of a historic Maoist-included interim government in Kathmandu did not fail to generate serious and quick international response even on a funny day of April Fool’s on Sunday. Major powers, including the UN, the United States, India and the EU, have welcomed the new government as a positive step toward the peace process and the election to the Constitution Assembly elections.
The US, in particular, has strong words for the Maoists, who finally joined the government despite ambassador James Moriarty’s warnings that they must not do before they disarm fully and renounce violence.
The following are some of the statements. More statements will be added on this page as they become available.
Ian Martin Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General issued the following press release::
On the establishment of the Interim Government in Nepal (1 April 2007)
I welcome the establishment of the new interim government as a key moment for the consolidation of Nepal’s peace process, and I congratulate the leaders of the eight political parties on their willingness to share responsibilities in this transitional period. A truly unified government should be in a stronger position to face the challenges still ahead: creating conditions for a credible Constituent Assembly election; addressing the legitimate demands of groups in Nepalese society calling for more inclusive democracy; establishing effective law enforcement across the country; and providing for the future of former combatants and a wider reform of the security sector.
The United Nations will work to help ensure full compliance with the commitments made by the parties to the Agreement on the Monitoring of the Management of Arms and Armies, as well as to support and monitor the electoral process. The challenges ahead cannot be overemphasized. I therefore welcome the renewed commitments intended to create a conducive environment for polls and to provide for more effective monitoring of agreements, which will be crucial in transforming conditions throughout the districts and which the United Nations is committed to assist. Effective law enforcement that respects international standards, accountability for violations of citizens’ rights, and ending breaches of the commitments under the Comprehensive Peace Agreement will be critical elements for success in the coming months.
The United States embassy issued the following statement:
U.S. Embassy backs peace process, CA elections as soon as possible (April 1, 2007)
Upon formation of the Interim Government, the U.S. Embassy reaffirms its full support for the peace process in Nepal. The next step in this process should be the holding of Constituent Assembly elections as quickly as possible.
The government must create an atmosphere for free and fair elections by vigorously enforcing law and order throughout the country.
The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), which to date has refused to abandon violence, must finally do so. As a partner in the Interim Government, the Maoists must now be held fully accountable for their actions. They must meet their commitments and at last join the mainstream as a non-violent political party.
The United States also urges the new government to initiate a comprehensive national dialogue with all ethnic groups to hear their grievances and to promote unity. If the peace process is to succeed, unity must be forged, law and order enforced, and security maintained. The Nepali people deserve nothing less from their servants – the new Interim Government.
The EU made public the following declaration:
Declaration by the Presidency on behalf of the European Union on the formation of the Interim Government of Nepal (April 1, 2007)
The EU congratulates the newly formed Nepalese interim government on its assumption of office. The EU considers the promulgation of the interim constitution, and the formation of the interim parliament and government, as important milestones in the peace process in Nepal. They lay the ground for re-establishing stable democratic structures and institutions and, in the long term, a sustainable peace. The EU looks to the new government to operate in line with democratic principles, to tackle impunity, to deliver reforms through state institutions and to dismantle any parallel structures.
The EU encourages the interim government and the recently formed interim parliament to move the peace process further forward by preparing vigorously for timely elections for the constituent assembly. The EU lends its full support to the UN in its work in monitoring the peace process and the forthcoming elections.
The EU calls on all political forces in Nepal to demonstrate their commitment to fundamental democratic values in order to allow free and fair elections to take place. The EU reiterates its firm belief that the people of Nepal are entitled to live by the rule of law and free of fear and intimidation and that their human rights should be respected. We call on all groups to co-operate fully with the OHCHR.
Given continuing concerns about the fragile security situation, the EU encourages the new government to restore law and order, in particular in the countryside and in view of the shocking killings in Gaur. The EU urges the government to bring the culprits to justice.
The EU underlines its continuing support for the peace process. The EU Member States and the European Commission are fully committed to assisting the peace process. We are providing support for the electoral preparations in particular, to help the government to fulfil its aim of enabling everyone, including traditionally marginalised groups and especially women, to participate. We will respond positively to the Government of Nepal’s invitation to observe the constitutional assembly elections. The EU will continue to support the development of Nepal through various bilateral programmes and through contributions to the Nepali Peace Trust Fund to help ensure the success of these crucial elections.
The EU welcomes the Government's efforts to hold a dialogue on all issues raised by the protests of the Madhesis and other minority groups. The EU urges that this should be a comprehensive dialogue in which all representative groups are involved, in line with the commitment in the peace agreement to work for the inclusion of all marginalised and excluded groups.
Posted by Editor on April 2, 2007 12:48 AM