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Nepal Monitor: The National Online Journal

The World's Cautious Welcome

Diplomatic missions and the world community cautiously welcome the Nov 8 Baluwatar decisions made by the SPA and the Maoists. They emphasize the implementation of the agreement.

Some Kathmandu-based foreign missions as well as external diplomatic institutions and agencies around the world, including the UN and the EU, have reacted cautiously on the outcomes of the Nov 8 Baluwatar meeting between the SPA and the Maoists. The world community emphasizes implementation of the decisions. The following are some sample reactions:

United Nations
New York, 8 November 2006 - Statement Attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on Nepal:

The Secretary-General heartily welcomes the agreement reached yesterday between the Seven-Party Alliance and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). This agreement offers the people of Nepal a historic opportunity to end the armed conflict in their country, and to build sustainable peace within an inclusive and democratic state.

The United Nations has been asked to help in key areas of the peace process. The Secretary-General intends to respond promptly, while emphasizing that both sides must maintain the momentum of the peace process by fully carrying out the commitments they have made.

Indian External Affairs Ministry
New Delhi, Nov. 8, 2006-- Statement by External Affairs Minister Shri Pranab Mukherjee on developments in Nepal:

The decisions taken by the leadership of the Seven Party Alliance led by Prime Minister G.P. Koirala and the CPN (Maoist) in the early hours of today are a victory for the people of Nepal. We welcome this significant step in Nepal’s democratic progress to a settled constitutional order in which the people of Nepal can realize their aspirations for peace and prosperity. We expect these decisions to place Nepal on the path of reconciliation, peace, stability and economic recovery.

We look forward to the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the Government of Nepal and the CPN (Maoist) on 16 November 2006, as has been decided today. The people of Nepal must have the right to freely choose and decide their own destiny and future without fear of the gun.

India stands ready, as always, to extend its full support to the efforts of the Government and people of Nepal.

The United States of America
US Embassy Kathmandu, Nov. 8, 2006-- U.S. Embassy Hopes For Peace

The U.S. Embassy welcomes the announcement that the Government of Nepal and the Maoists have reached agreement on addressing key political and security issues. We especially congratulate the Nepali people, who have supported this process and who deserve a lasting peace and a transparent and democratic system of government.

The success of any final agreement will depend on its details and their implementation. The agreement must diminish the fear of violence, intimidation, and extortion that the people of Nepal have endured over the past 11 years. In this regard, effective monitoring that includes penalties for violators will prove essential. Like other friends of Nepal, the Embassy will follow developments here closely.

 The United States is committed to help Nepal build a peaceful, prosperous, and democratic future for its people.

European Union
Helsinki, Finland, Nov 10, 2006-- EU Presidency (Finnish), CFSP statement, General Affairs and External Relations Declaration by the Presidency on behalf of the European Union on recent developments in Nepal:

The European Union warmly welcomes the significant progress in the peace process in Nepal, and in particular the signing of the agreement to form an inclusive interim government in Nepal.

The EU also welcomes the decision on setting up democratic institutions and the decision on elections to a Constituent Assembly. The most important challenge ahead will be securing an environment conducive to the holding of free and fair elections.

The EU stresses its continued support to the peace process in Nepal, in close cooperation with the international community. The EU expresses its support to the United Nations and believes that the United Nations' role in assisting in the electoral and arms management processes will be vital.

All parties must now keep up the momentum in the peace process. The EU calls upon the new Government to build trust and guarantee that human rights and the rule of law are respected in all parts of the country.

PTI, Nov 10, 2006-- China hails Nepal peace deal

Beijing, Nov 10 : China today welcomed as "significant" the landmark deal agreed between Nepal's ruling parties and Maoist insurgents, hoping that it will lead to lasting peace, stability and development in the Himalayan nation.

"China is pleased to see the significant progress made in the peace process in Nepal," Chinese Foreign Ministry said in a statement, hoping the agreement will lead to lasting peace.

"China sincerely hopes that the peace process will continue to promote the early realisation of peace, stability and development," the statement said.

In the past, China has denied any links with the Maoists in Nepal, who used the name of late Chinese leader Mao Zedong.

The historic deal announced early Wednesday will see the Maoist rebels joining an interim government and locking up their weapons under UN supervision.

It will also end civil unrest that has claimed over 12,500 lives since 1996 and the rebels' parallel government structures in many parts of Nepal.

United Kingdom
London, UK, Nov. 8, 2006-- Kim Howells Welcomes Peace Agreement in Nepal

Following the 8 November agreement by the Government of Nepal and the Maoists for a comprehensive peace agreement, Foreign and Commonwealth Office Minister, Kim Howells, said:

'The UK congratulates the Government of Nepal and Maoists on their 8 November agreement. This agreement is a significant step towards peace in Nepal. We see it as a demonstration of both sides' commitment to building a stable and peaceful future.

'We now look to both sides to use the momentum they have created to implement the agreement together. The UK urges the Government of Nepal and the Maoists to respect and uphold the rule of law, without which any peace agreement will be inherently fragile. We welcome the opportunity to continue to support the peace process in a way that is helpful for the people of Nepal.'

Notes for Editors:
1. Both sides have agreed to sign the comprehensive peace agreement by 16 November 06.
2. The agreement includes:
• An interim constitution promulgated by 21 November;
• By 24 November, Maoist combatants will be separated from their arms;
• An interim Parliament will be formed by 26 November;
• An interim government, led by Prime Minister Koirala will be formed by 1 December.

Embassy of Denmark, Nov 9, 2006-- Statement by the Danish Minister for Development Cooperation, Mrs. Ulla Tørnæs

The peace agreement between the Government of Nepal and the Maoists is a decisive and important step towards lasting peace in Nepal.

A central point in the negotiations has been the issue of arms management. The parties have agreed upon a plan and the United Nations will monitor the implementation of the plan. Denmark has offered to support the UN mission in Nepal.

Denmark has been actively supporting the peace process in Nepal and will continue to be so. Denmark has earmarked DKK 50 million on the Finance Bill for 2007 and likewise in 2008, in total DKK 100 million, equivalent to NPR 1.2 billion for support to various activities within the peace process.

It is important that the peace process is fully supported by the international community but is led by the Nepalese. Ownership by the people of Nepal is crucial to secure that peace takes root and lasts.

I had the opportunity to visit Nepal in September 2006 and I am very happy for the recent political development. It is my hope that the peace accord will lead to lasting peace and stability, which have been the endeavors of the Nepalese people for many years.

Canberra, Australia, 9 November 2006-- Alexander Downer, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Australia

Australia Welcomes News of Peace Agreement In Nepal

Australia welcomes the announcement on 8 November by the Government of Nepal and the Maoists that they have reached agreement on a roadmap to end Nepal’s decade-long insurgency. This is a positive step towards restoring peace to Nepal.

I urge both sides to make strenuous efforts to ensure the agreement is translated into lasting security, stability and a political environment conducive to economic and social development in Nepal.

Posted by Editor on November 10, 2006 11:33 PM