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World Reactions: We Hope It Will Work For You

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The world is reacting on the Nov 21 peace deal. The US says violence must end. The UN's Kofi Annan terms it an "opportunity." India says the critical test will be the implementation of the deal while China emphasizes peace and stability. Japan belives the accord sets out a concrete course for the consolidation of democracy.


The following are the congratulatory messages from the world community on the November 21, 2006 peace deal:


USA
U.S. Embassy Welcomes Comprehensive Peace Accord
November 21, 2006
The U.S. Embassy welcomes the announcement of a comprehensive peace agreement between the Government of Nepal and the Maoists. We hope this step will place Nepal on the path of lasting peace and democracy. We want the peace process to work and we pledge our full support. We support an agreement that safeguards the aspirations of the Nepali people.

This means violence, intimidation, and criminal acts -- such as forced recruitment of cadre and extortion -- must end. The Nepali people, who have lived in fear for 11 years, deserve a chance to live without fear and choose their form of government in fair elections.

The United States is committed to help Nepal build a peaceful, prosperous, and democratic future for its people.

URL: http://kathmandu.usembassy.gov/pr_11-21-2006.html


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UN/Kofi Annan

New York, 22 November 2006 - Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on Nepal
The Secretary-General congratulates the Government of Nepal and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) on the signing yesterday of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement. Through ending the armed conflict, the people of Nepal now have the opportunity to build lasting peace in an inclusive democracy.

This agreement places great trust and responsibility on the United Nations as it asks that we assist Nepal in various aspects of the peace process, including as an immediate step the monitoring of arms and armed personnel and providing electoral assistance. Through his Personal Representative in Nepal, the Secretary-General is working closely with the parties to ensure that United Nations assistance can arrive as promptly as possible.

URL: http://www.un.org/apps/sg/sgstats.asp?nid=2318#
UN News Story on Kofi Annan’s Statement: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=20698&Cr=nepal&Cr1=


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INDIA
21/11/2006
Statement by Official Spokesperson on the Comprehensive National Peace Agreement in Nepal
The Government of India welcomes the signing of the Comprehensive National Peace Agreement between the Government of Nepal and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). We believe the Agreement reflects the overwhelming desire of the people of Nepal for peace and stability.

We hope that this Agreement brings to an end the politics and culture of violence, and heralds the beginning of a lasting peace in order to let the people of Nepal exercise their right to decide their destiny through free and fair elections, without intimidation.

The critical test of this Agreement will be its implementation on the ground. We call upon all sides and all stakeholders in Nepal to strictly abide by their commitments under this Agreement. Violations must be dealt with under the laws of the land, and full cooperation extended to those empowered to supervise the steps ahead, such as the police, the Election Commission, and the UN. The people’s mandate, and their trust, must not be betrayed.

India stands ready to continue to help in every way, to ensure that this historic opportunity is not lost.

New Delhi
21 November 2006
URL: http://meaindia.nic.in/pressrelease/2006/11/21pr03.htm


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CHINA
FM spokeswoman: China welcomes Nepal's peace accord
XINHUA NEWS (Official Chinese News Wire Service):

China welcomes a peace agreement signed between the Nepal government and the parties concerned, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Jiang Yu said on Wednesday.

"China welcomes the parties concerned in Nepal signing the comprehensive peace accord (CPA)," Jiang said.
She also expressed the hope that the parties would continue to promote the peace process and promote regional peace, stability and development, as well as their people's well-being.

The Nepalese government and the CPN signed the accord Tuesday declaring the end of an 11-year civil war.

URL: http://english.people.com.cn/200611/22/eng20061122_324175.html

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UNITED KINGDOM
Foreign Secretary Welcomes Peace Accord In Nepal (21/11/06)
Following the 21 November signing of the historic Peace Accord between the Government of Nepal and the Maoists, the Foreign Secretary Margaret Beckett MP said:

"The UK congratulates the Government of Nepal and the Maoists on signing their historic Peace Accord. We applaud the commitment of the people of Nepal to build a stable and peaceful future for their country. Their dedication to the cause of peace has prevailed, after a decade of civil war.

"We now look to both sides to make the agreement a reality throughout Nepal. Specifically, the UK again urges both the Government of Nepal and the Maoists to respect and uphold the rule of law.

"We encourage all signatories to the agreement to build consensus and work together with the UN as the country moves towards a new government and new elections. The people of Nepal can count on the support of the UK to help them build a new and better future. "

URL: http://www.britishembassy.gov.uk/servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1070039733672&a=KArticle&aid=1163672842611

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JAPAN
Statement by the Press Secretary/Director-General for Press and Public Relations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, on the comprehensive peace agreement reached between the Government of Nepal and the Maoists
November 22, 2006

1. Japan welcomes the news that the Government of Nepal and the CPN (Maoists) have reached a comprehensive peace agreement.

2. Japan values this agreement as it sets out a concrete course for the consolidation of democracy and the realization of lasting peace in Nepal. Japan hopes that this agreement will be implemented sincerely and that an election for the constitutional assembly, which is to be held by June 2007, will be carried out freely and fairly.

3. Japan intends to continue assistance to the Government of Nepal's efforts for the promotion of democracy and peace building.

URL: http://www.mofa.go.jp/announce/announce/2006/11/1122.html
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UNITED NATIONS OFFICE OF THE HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS IN NEPAL
Press Release – 11 November 2006
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights welcomes agreement

The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Louise Arbour, today welcomed the 8 November agreement reached between the SevenParty Alliance and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) as a crucial step towards ending the conflict and strengthening respect for human rights.

“This agreement sets the foundation for a peace process and democratic transition in which the protection and promotion of the human rights of all Nepalis must be central", she said. "It is essential that the parties translate their commitments into meaningful actions to end abuses".

Ending impunity remains one of the biggest human rights challenges for Nepal, the High Commissioner continued, welcoming the announcement that a highlevel truth and reconciliation commission will be formed.

“A truth and reconciliation commission can be an important mechanism to address accountability for past human rights violations, and to tackle the underlying causes of the conflict”, said the High Commissioner. “It can also help to heal wounds and social divisions, as well as to recognise the rights of victims to justice and reparation. To be effective, it is essential that the commission be independent and impartial, and be established only after widespread public consultation as to its mandate and the composition of commissioners. At the same time, it is important that there also be prosecutions for serious human rights violations in order to restore community trust in the rule of law and prevent abuses in the future”.

Reiterating her commitment to support Nepalis in all aspects of human rights promotion and protection, the High Commissioner said, “The parties have asked that OHCHR continue to monitor the human rights situation across the country and I am pleased to recommit my Office to this task. My new Representative in Nepal, Lena Sundh, will arrive in Nepal next week to lead this important work”.

URL: http://nepal.ohchr.org/resources/Documents/English/pressreleases/NOV2006/2006_11_11_HC_PressRelease_E.pdf

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IAN Martin/UN News Center
Nepalese deal can translate into ‘long-term peace,’ says UN envoy
21 November 2006 – The United Nations envoy to Nepal welcomed today’s signing of a comprehensive peace agreement between the Himalayan country’s multi-party Government and the Maoists, saying the pact “promises to convert the ceasefire into long-term peace.”

Ian Martin, the Secretary-General’s Personal Representative in Nepal for Support to the Peace Process, attended a signing ceremony in the capital, Kathmandu, involving the Seven-Party Alliance and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoists).

The ceremony follows a deal struck on 8 November to formally end 10 years of civil war that had killed about 15,000 people and forced more than 100,000 others to flee their homes.

Calling the agreement “entirely a Nepali achievement,” Mr. Martin reiterated the pledge by Secretary-General Kofi Annan earlier this month that the UN will respond promptly to requests for help in implementing the peace pact.
He said in a statement that his office has reached agreement with the Government and the Maoists on the location of seven divisional cantonment sites for the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), the Maoists’ armed wing.

“I hope that we will quickly be able to reach tripartite agreement on the full modalities for the management of arms and armies, clarifying essential details regarding confinement to cantonments and restriction to barracks, weapons storage, permitted and prohibited activities, and monitoring arrangements,” Mr. Martin said.

He added that “the UN will then be able to move forward with its planning to deploy monitors and other personnel,” noting that the world body has also been asked to help with human rights monitoring and electoral assistance.
URL: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=20681&Cr=nepal&Cr1=#

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SWITZERLAND
FEDERAL DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
Signature of a Comprehensive National Peace Agreement in Nepal

21.11.2006

The Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) warmly welcomes the Comprehensive National Peace Agreement which was signed on 21 November 2006 in Kathmandu between the Government of Nepal and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).

This historical Peace Agreement puts an end to eleven years of armed conflict in Nepal and sets out common ground for a democratic transition of the country. The parties have agreed to confine the armed forces in barracks and to store their weapons under the supervision of the United Nations. They also agreed to participate in a joint interim government which will prepare elections to a Constitutional Assembly.

As a long-standing partner of Nepal which has financed and implemented a major, on-going development programme in the country for more than 40 years, Switzerland warmly welcomes this Peace Agreement which paves the way to a democratic and peaceful Nepal. Through its peace building activities in Nepal, Switzerland supported the parties in their efforts to find common ground.

The Agreement encourages Switzerland to strengthen its engagement in Nepal in favour of democracy and the promotion of human rights as prerequisites for sustainable development.
URL: http://www.eda.admin.ch/eda/e/home/singlem.html?id=8415
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NORWAY
Press release
No.: 151/06
Date: 21.11.06
Solheim congratulates Nepal on historic peace accord

After a decade of war and more than 13 000 dead, a peace accord was signed today between the Government of Nepal and the Maoist rebels, thus marking a formal end to war and violence in the country.

On 8 November this year, the parties to the conflict agreed on a peace deal to end the fighting. At the same time a framework was drawn up for the further process towards a peaceful, democratic and inclusive society.

“History is being made in Nepal today. The country has definitively put an end to the brutal conflict that has ravaged the country for the past decade. The agreement shows that all parties have political courage and a will for peace. I have deep respect for the political skill that lies behind this result,” said International Development Minister Erik Solheim.

The Maoist insurgency in Nepal began in 1996, and more than 13 000 people have lost their lives as a result of the conflict. King Gyanendra staged a coup and dismissed the government in 2005. Following massive protests, the King stepped down in April 2006, opening the way for peace negotiations.

“I also want to congratulate the people of Nepal on this important victory. In April they rose up against oppression and absolute monarchy. They wanted to restore peace and regain their democratic rights. Today’s signing marks the most important turning point in the efforts to achieve a peaceful, democratic and inclusive society,” said Mr Solheim. He promised that the Norwegian Government would continue to provide support.

URL: http://www.dep.no/ud/english/news/news/032171-070951/dok-bn.html
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CPA
Brihát Śhānti Sámjhautā, 2006
(Comprehensive Peace Agreement)








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