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Letter to the UN (II): Together They Write This Time

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The new letter, joint yet separate, drops the demand for “decommissioning Maoists combatants” and renews its call on the world body to help monitor the peace process and the elections.


The Government and the Maoist rebels handed over a letter of agreement to U.N. representative in Nepal Abraham Abraham, in Kathmandu on Wednesday. The letter requests the the United Nations to "assist in the management of arms and armed personnel of both sides."
Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala and Maoist Chiarman Prachanda have undersigned two separate the letters with same text.

The July 2, 2006 5-point letter by Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala to United Nations' Secretary General Kofi Annan requested the United Nations to 1. Continue monitoring of Human Rights through the Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal, 2. Assist to monitor the code of conduct during the ceasefire, 3. Assist in the monitoring of the combatants of the Maoist and decommissioning of their arms in order to ensure a free and fair election to the Constituent Assembly, 4. Monitor to assure that Nepali Army is inside barrack and is not being used for or against any side in order to ensure free and fair elections to the Constituent Assembly, and 5. Observe the election process to the Constituent Assembly.

Soon after PM Koirala’s letter was made public, the Maoist leader Prachanda protested that his party was not consulted in writing that letter and that he said one-sided decommissioning of the Maoist combatants was not acceptable. On July 24, 2006 he wrote a letter to Annan to that effect.

The new letter asks the U.N. to "deploy qualified civilian personnel to monitor and verify the confinement of CPN-M combatants and their weapons within designated cantonment areas." Similarly, the letter asks the world body to "monitor the Nepal Army to ensure that it remains in its barracks and its weapons are not used for or against any side."


Text of the Letter
Further to the Eight-Point Understanding between the Seven Party Alliance (SPA) and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (CPN-M) of June 16, 2006 and the commitment expressed by the Government of Nepal (GON) to the Agreement, the GON and the CPN-M heberby request the United Nations to provide its assistance as follows with a view to creating a free and fair atmosphere for the election of a Constituent Assembly and the entire peace process:
1. Continue its human rights monitoring through the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Nepal (OHCHR, Nepal)
2. Assist the monitoring of the Code of Conduct during the ceasefire.
3. On the basis of the agreement to seek UN assistance in the “management of arms and armed personnel of both the sides”, deploy qualified civilian personnel to monitor and verify the confinement of CPN-M combatants and their weapons within designated cantonment areas. Later the modalities for all agreements, including of arms and munitions, will be worked out among the parties and the UN.
4. Monitor the Nepal Army to ensure that it remains in its barracks and its weapons are not used for or against any side. The modalities will be worked out among the parties and the UN.
5. Provide election observation for the election of the Constituent Assembly in consultation with the parties.


Two copies of the same letter, one undersigned by PM Girija Prasad Koirala and another by Maoist leader Pushpa Kamal Dahal (Prachanda). Unclear when the letter was written or dated.


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CPA
Brihát Śhānti Sámjhautā, 2006
(Comprehensive Peace Agreement)








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